Andrea O’Reilly in “Toni Morrison and motherhood – A politics of the heart” notes that Morrison sees maternal identity as a source of power for Black women, one used to empower children and teach them who they are and how to live and resist in a world that denies their subjectivity. O’Reilly also cites Claudette Lee’s and Ethel Wilson’s “Masculinity, matriarchy, and myth – A Black feminist perspective” where they note that “….Racism, discrimination, and oppression define the childhood of an African-American male. Mothering for an African-American is defined by fear for her male child. Therefore her approach and relationship with her son must be different.”