In 2015, 16% of residents living in Beltrami County, in which Bemidji is located, reported severe housing problems, including overcrowding or high housing costs. In response, the city of Bemidji partnered with a non-profit to approve a transitional homeless shelter with wrap-around services by forgiving the sewer and water fees associated with the development. Village of Hope strengthens the community by promoting self worth and independence through the provision of temporary shelter and supportive services for families experiencing homelessness. Likewise, the city has in many cases forgiven permitting fees and hook up fees for developers willing to build low-income, and affordable housing, including Habitat for Humanity’s project. The challenge comes from the less than 1% vacancy rate in Bemidji, which limits families’ ability to find affordable housing.